Myopia or Nearsightedness is quite common people of all ages. Myopia being quitecommon in children as well as adults, it's more likely to be detected at an early age. But the diagnosis should be done at the early stages, since using eyeglasses does correct most myopia cases.
What is Myopia?
Myopia or Nearsightedness refers to being able to see the nearby object clearly but seeing the distant items blurry or out of focus. This is one of the most common eye problems and is a refractive error of the eye. More and more people are being diagnosed with this type of refractive error and it includes children as well.
Myopia Causes and Signs:
Myopia occurs, when the eyeball is too long, relative to the focusing power of the cornea and the lens, the light entering the eyes focus at the front of the eyes rather than on the surface. This creates a blurry image for distant objects.
In some cases they can also be caused by the lens or the cornea being too curved for the length of the eyeball itself. In some cases it occurs due to a combination of these factors.
Myopia can occur in anyone, irrespective of age. For children, myopia can cause eye problems from the birth but mostly it's diagnosed around the age of 8. While a child is around 5 to 9 years old their eyes develop and get accustomed to seeing various lights.
This is the time when they are mostly diagnosed with Myopia. Myopia is also a hereditary problem, so if you or your spouse has Myopia it can be passed on to your children.
Signs of Myopia
The main symptoms of Myopia are:
Difficulty Seeing Far Away Objects: In Nearsightedness, people find it hard to see the objects far away clearly. But the near objects look clear and can be seen without squinting or trying hard to focus. Children will find it hard to focus on Blackboards or while playing sports.
Headaches and Eye Strain: Constant headaches and eye straining or fatigue can mean you're having vision trouble. If your eyes seem fatigued or tired after driving or after a playing sports, consider getting your eyes checked to see if you have Myopia. Children can find it hard to perform in sports.
How to Reduce Risks of Myopia:
The reasons behind it unknown but there are some ways which have showed good results to reduce and control myopia from progressing.
Early Detection: There is significant evidence showing that Myopia is a hereditary disease, which means parents with high myopia can pass on the problem to their children. So it's very important for parents to closely monitor your child's vision and take them for regular eye tests. An eye specialist can check and tell if your child has Myopia or any other vision problem and ensure the correct way of treating or aiding his vision needs.
Eating a Nutritious Diet: Having a healthy diet that's rich in proteins, minerals, essential amino acids and vitamins ensure that your body, as well as your eyes gets all the nutrition they deserve.
Myopia Control: It usually progresses with age and for some can leave them with stronger glasses at puberty. High prescription can lead to many eye health issues in later years like cataracts or detached retina. Many eye doctors worldwide are using different treatments like special eye drops like Atropine Eye drops, multifocal contact lenses, multifocal eyeglasses and orthokeratology to reduce the progressions of myopia.
Reduce Digital Device: Using digital devices for long makes your child's eyes tired and stress more. Due to the Blue-Violet lights in digital devices, it's harmful for kids to use these devices for prolonged period of time.
Playing in the Sun: Playing in the sun, especially for children, in some studies have proven to reduce risks of myopia. It occurs when light focuses on a spot before the retina instead of on the retina itself. Some studies have proven that playing in the sun can reduce the risks of Myopia. Children playing outdoors come in contact with many types of lights and thus can develop better vision skills.
Detecting it at an early age can keep you ahead of the problem and control the nearsightedness to an extent. With more and more ways to control Myopia and show better results, it's easy to detect and prevent your child's myopia to progress further and ensure better vision for your child.