Figures reveal that nearly one to five percent of the problem suffers from amblyopia. Amblyopia is a condition where the eye, anatomically speaking, is normal but the vision is abnormal. It is a developmental problem in the brain and not an organic problem in the eye.
This is due to the refractive error i.e. extreme nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism or a profound difference in the eyes, which is not corrected early. It is a myth that amblyopia can not be treated after the age of 10. Evidence suggests that Amblyopia therapy works well even in the adults.
All about amblyopia therapy:
A complete physical examination and history of the patient is vital to diagnose amblyopia. Old records and information from the parents, teachers, friends or other observers who have noted a visual difficulty in a child are vital for the diagnosis.
In this condition, the vision in one eye is good and it is tough to uncover the deficit unless both the eyes are examined individually. This condition can be detected even by simple tests. The examination begins with auto refraction which is an automated test to look for the need for glasses. This condition might be seen in one or both the eyes. Crossing or drifting the eyes frequently can also lead to this eyedisorder. When the eye does not have suitable correction by glasses or contact lenses, the eye drifts and the brain is unable to receive the impulses and hence failure to develop normal and clear vision.
A person or child with abnormal vision screening test results or a risk factor for amblyopia should be seen by an ophthalmologist. An ophthalmologist manages the amblyopia very well through prevention, diagnosis, screening, consultation for diagnosis, non-drug therapy, patient education, drug therapy, follow up and consultation for management.
Drug therapy for patients with amblyopia:
Drug therapy as part of amblyopia therapy is the use of ophthalmic agents to deprive the healthy eye of visual input and force use of the amblyopic vision. Systemic agents for the treatment agent of amblyopia hold very little or no value.
Non-drug therapy for patients with amblyopia:
It involves stimulating visual development in the amblyopic eye. Physical occlusion or eye patching and correcting refractive errors associated with amblyopia are the first steps towards this.
Do eye exercises work for amblyopia?
Appropriate vision therapy or eye exercises can have positive results in individuals suffering from amblyopia. Similar to the other problems, it is essential that the eyes are allowed to be mobile and prevented from squinting or staring which can be very detrimental to the eye. It is advisable that appropriate eye exercises are undertaken to teach the eyes to relax and focus properly, while going through the treatments for amblyopia. The individuals need to be motivated and understand what they do.
The condition of amblyopia is having one eye with better vision than the other. This can result in the brain receiving different signals from the eyes and laying more emphasis on the eye that is stringer for vision. So, the weaker eye gets reduced amount of time and is not allowed to develop properly. The general treatment for this is an eye patch or drops in the stronger eye so as to compel the weaker eye to develop.
Relaxing and taking time out is the best cure for any vision ailment. The best treatment or the amblyopia therapy involves maintaining the eyes in the best possible way using drug therapy, non-drug therapy. Innovative solutions for amblyopia work at any age. Consult an ophthalmologist to help you get rid of all sorts of eye ailments.