Glaucoma refers to an eye condition in which the optic nerve of the eye is damaged and can possibly cause permanent blindness in time if not treated properly. It is caused by an increase in intraocular pressure which is often due to a blockage in the mesh like channel of the eye, normally through which aqueous humor flows out of the eye. The reason for these eye channels getting blocked can be genetical, accidental or even some major eye infections can cause this type of blockage. The condition usually shows up in people over 40 years of age, and can be treated with success only when diagnosed early.
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There are 3 main options for Glaucoma treatment, depending on the stage of the condition and also other medical conditions of the patient. Prescription eye drops, laser surgery and microsurgery, are three commonly used treatments prescribed to Glaucoma patients. Eye drops are usually used as a first line of defense; these eye drops reduces the formation of the fluid in front of the eye or increases its flow. Laser Surgery can increase the outflow of the fluid or eliminate the blockage providing significant improvements. There are different ranges of laser surgery which are used depending on the condition of the patient. Microsurgery for Glaucoma, also called trabeculectomy, is where a channel is created to increase the outflow of the fluid.
Loss of vision due to Glaucoma is not reversible, but early treatment can decrease the eye pressure and stop the progression of the condition. Success of Glaucoma treatment strictly depends on the stage when the condition is diagnosed, and the level of treatment provided. With early treatment, the deterioration of vision can be stopped with success. There are a number of Glaucoma care centers across the country that provides Glaucoma tests and offer the best treatments for the condition at a very reasonable charge.
It is highly important to use drops as prescribed by the doctor. Browse the net for more information on glaucoma eye treatment.
People with dry eyes either have a poor quality of tears or their eyes do not produce sufficient tears.