Glaucoma is a group of diseases that harm the eye's optic nerve. Without treatment, glaucoma can lead to irreversible, permanent vision loss.
Reasons for Glaucoma
There are various types of glaucoma. Most happen when pressure in the eye (intraocular) increases, harming the optic nerve however some of the optic nerve harm can happen even when intraocular pressure is normal. Different sorts of glaucoma are uncommon and are brought about by abnormal eye advancement, drugs, or eye infections, interruption of blood supply to the eye, systemic disease and injury.
Side effects of Glaucoma
Glaucoma is sometimes known as the “silent thief of sight” because the main side effect is a continuous loss of vision which most don't notice. When indications are available they may include:
Sudden serious eye/forehead pain or headache
- Nausea and vomiting
- Eye redness
- Sudden loss of sight
- Halos around lights
- Blurred vision
Glaucoma Risk Factors:
Anybody can face; however a few people are considered higher risk. Risk Factors include:
- Being age 60 or more
- A family history of glaucoma
- Oral contraceptive medications
- Sleep apnea
- Medical conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure and heart disease
- Long-term corticosteroid medication use
Glaucoma is analyzed via a comprehensive eye exam performed by an specialist. Those at high risk ought to plan a careful eye exam at an ophthalmology center every three to four months.
Glaucoma Treatment Options
Early analysis and treatment is vital to preserving vision. Routine vision checkups performed by your ophthalmologist can recognize before great harm.
The three fundamental treatment alternatives for include:
- Eye drops
- Laser treatment
Medicines for Glaucoma
Most medicines for glaucoma are found in the form of drops. Less generally, pills might be endorsed as a temporary measure. There is an assortment of medicines utilized as a part of the treatment and most work either by decreasing the amount of liquid produced by the eye or enhancing drainage of eye fluid.
Laser Treatment of Glaucoma
During laser surgery for glaucoma, low-energy light beams are used at the drainage channels of human eye to take into account better outflow, in this way, bringing down the intraocular pressure. These methodologies are performed in your eye specialist's office or at an outpatient surgery center. Generally drops will also be required after laser surgery.
Surgical Treatment of Glaucoma
Surgery for glaucoma might be suggested when eye drops and laser methods failed to sufficiently diminish eye pressure. Some surgical systems used to enhance the eye's drainage include the arrangement of shunts, stents, or utilizing your own particular tissue to make another drain.